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解讀《中華人民共和國消防救援銜標志式樣和佩帶辦法》

2020-03-25
來源:中國(guo)安全生產 作者:

近日(ri),國(guo)務(wu)院總理李克強簽署第705號(hao)國(guo)務(wu)院令,公布(以下簡(jian)稱(cheng)《辦法》),自公布之日起(qi)施行。今(jin)天,司法部、應急管理部負(fu)責人就《辦法》有(you)關(guan)問(wen)題(ti)回(hui)答(da)了(le)記(ji)者提問(wen)。

問:出臺(tai)《辦(ban)法》的(de)目的(de)和意義是(shi)什么?

答:《中華人(ren)(ren)民(min)共和(he)(he)國(guo)消(xiao)防(fang)救援(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)標(biao)志式樣和(he)(he)佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)辦(ban)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)》是十三屆全國(guo)人(ren)(ren)大常委(wei)會第六次會議(yi)審議(yi)通(tong)過的(de)《中華人(ren)(ren)民(min)共和(he)(he)國(guo)消(xiao)防(fang)救援(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)條(tiao)例》的(de)配套行(xing)政法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)規(gui)。出(chu)臺這一《辦(ban)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)》,明確消(xiao)防(fang)救援(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)標(biao)志式樣、規(gui)范佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)辦(ban)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)、嚴格制作管理(li),是消(xiao)防(fang)救援(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)制度建(jian)(jian)設(she)的(de)重(zhong)要一環,對于增(zeng)強消(xiao)防(fang)救援(yuan)隊(dui)伍(wu)的(de)使命感、榮(rong)譽感,加強隊(dui)伍(wu)正規(gui)化(hua)建(jian)(jian)設(she),推(tui)進改(gai)革任(ren)務(wu)順利(li)完(wan)成都有重(zhong)要意義(yi)。

問:請介紹(shao)一下,消(xiao)防救援銜(xian)標志式樣使用的相關(guan)元素有何寓意?

答:根據《辦法》,總(zong)監(jian)(jian)、副總(zong)監(jian)(jian)、助理總(zong)監(jian)(jian)銜標(biao)志(zhi)由(you)金(jin)(jin)黃(huang)色(se)橄欖枝環繞金(jin)(jin)黃(huang)色(se)徽標(biao)組成(cheng)(cheng),徽標(biao)由(you)五角星(xing)、雄鷹翅(chi)膀、消(xiao)防(fang)斧(fu)和(he)(he)(he)消(xiao)防(fang)水帶構成(cheng)(cheng);指揮(hui)(hui)長(chang)、指揮(hui)(hui)員銜標(biao)志(zhi)由(you)金(jin)(jin)黃(huang)色(se)橫杠(gang)和(he)(he)(he)金(jin)(jin)黃(huang)色(se)六角星(xing)花(hua)組成(cheng)(cheng);高(gao)級消(xiao)防(fang)員、中級消(xiao)防(fang)員和(he)(he)(he)初級消(xiao)防(fang)員中的三級消(xiao)防(fang)士、四級消(xiao)防(fang)士銜標(biao)志(zhi)由(you)金(jin)(jin)黃(huang)色(se)橫杠(gang)和(he)(he)(he)金(jin)(jin)黃(huang)色(se)徽標(biao)組成(cheng)(cheng),徽標(biao)由(you)交叉斧(fu)頭、水槍、緊握手腕和(he)(he)(he)雄鷹翅(chi)膀構成(cheng)(cheng),預備消(xiao)防(fang)士銜標(biao)志(zhi)為金(jin)(jin)黃(huang)色(se)橫杠(gang)。

消(xiao)(xiao)防救(jiu)(jiu)援銜標志式(shi)樣(yang),既沿(yan)用(yong)我國(guo)原有消(xiao)(xiao)防徽章(zhang)設計理念,也參(can)考了國(guo)外消(xiao)(xiao)防隊伍(wu)(wu)的(de)(de)(de)徽章(zhang)式(shi)樣(yang)。標志式(shi)樣(yang)使(shi)用(yong)了五角星(xing)、橄(gan)欖枝、雄鷹翅膀、六角星(xing)花、緊握手腕(wan)和(he)消(xiao)(xiao)防斧、水(shui)槍、消(xiao)(xiao)防水(shui)帶等元素,象征消(xiao)(xiao)防救(jiu)(jiu)援隊伍(wu)(wu)是一支在黨的(de)(de)(de)領(ling)導下,依法履行黨和(he)國(guo)家賦予職(zhi)責使(shi)命的(de)(de)(de)專業(ye)(ye)化、職(zhi)業(ye)(ye)化隊伍(wu)(wu),是人民群眾生命財產(chan)安全和(he)社(she)會穩(wen)定的(de)(de)(de)守(shou)護者(zhe),充分體現了消(xiao)(xiao)防救(jiu)(jiu)援隊伍(wu)(wu)英勇(yong)頑強、反應(ying)靈敏、專業(ye)(ye)高效(xiao)、不怕(pa)犧牲(sheng)的(de)(de)(de)紀律隊伍(wu)(wu)特點(dian)。

問:消(xiao)防(fang)救援銜(xian)標志的佩帶有什么要(yao)求?

答:消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)志(zhi)是消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)(yuan)職業(ye)象征和(he)身份標(biao)(biao)識,佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)是否規(gui)范得體,關系(xi)隊(dui)伍作風形(xing)象。《辦(ban)法》對消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)志(zhi)的佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)有(you)明(ming)確要求。消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)(yuan)人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)的銜(xian)(xian)級(ji)標(biao)(biao)志(zhi)必須與所授的銜(xian)(xian)級(ji)相符,不能隨意佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)。消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)志(zhi)佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)在肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)和(he)領(ling)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)上,肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)分為(wei)(wei)硬(ying)(ying)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、軟(ruan)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)和(he)套(tao)式(shi)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang),硬(ying)(ying)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、軟(ruan)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)為(wei)(wei)劍形(xing),套(tao)式(shi)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、領(ling)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)為(wei)(wei)四邊形(xing),肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)、領(ling)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)版面(mian)為(wei)(wei)深火焰藍色。消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)(yuan)人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)著(zhu)(zhu)春秋(qiu)常(chang)服、冬常(chang)服和(he)常(chang)服大衣時(shi),佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)硬(ying)(ying)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang);著(zhu)(zhu)夏常(chang)服、棉大衣和(he)作訓大衣時(shi),管(guan)理(li)指揮人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)、專(zhuan)業(ye)技術人(ren)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)軟(ruan)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang),消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)員(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)套(tao)式(shi)肩(jian)(jian)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang);著(zhu)(zhu)作訓服時(shi),佩(pei)(pei)帶(dai)(dai)領(ling)章(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)。消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)(yuan)隊(dui)伍雖(sui)已退出現役,但仍按紀律部隊(dui)標(biao)(biao)準建設管(guan)理(li)。規(gui)范著(zhu)(zhu)裝,是隊(dui)伍正規(gui)化建設的重要方面(mian),也是加強隊(dui)伍日常(chang)作風養成的重要途(tu)徑。

問(wen):消防救援銜標志的綴釘是(shi)如(ru)何要(yao)求的?

答(da):《辦法》規定,消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)總監(jian)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)橄欖枝(zhi)(zhi)環(huan)繞一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)周(zhou)(zhou)徽標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao);副總監(jian)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)橄欖枝(zhi)(zhi)環(huan)繞多半周(zhou)(zhou)徽標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao);助理(li)總監(jian)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)橄欖枝(zhi)(zhi)環(huan)繞小半周(zhou)(zhou)徽標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao);指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)長(chang)(chang)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)二(er)(er)(er)道(dao)(dao)粗(cu)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang),高級(ji)(ji)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)長(chang)(chang)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)四(si)(si)(si)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)六角(jiao)(jiao)星(xing)(xing)花(hua)(hua)(hua),一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)級(ji)(ji)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)長(chang)(chang)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)三(san)(san)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)六角(jiao)(jiao)星(xing)(xing)花(hua)(hua)(hua),二(er)(er)(er)級(ji)(ji)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)長(chang)(chang)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)二(er)(er)(er)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)六角(jiao)(jiao)星(xing)(xing)花(hua)(hua)(hua),三(san)(san)級(ji)(ji)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)長(chang)(chang)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)六角(jiao)(jiao)星(xing)(xing)花(hua)(hua)(hua);指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)員(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)粗(cu)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang),一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)級(ji)(ji)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)員(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)四(si)(si)(si)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)六角(jiao)(jiao)星(xing)(xing)花(hua)(hua)(hua),二(er)(er)(er)級(ji)(ji)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)員(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)三(san)(san)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)六角(jiao)(jiao)星(xing)(xing)花(hua)(hua)(hua),三(san)(san)級(ji)(ji)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)員(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)二(er)(er)(er)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)六角(jiao)(jiao)星(xing)(xing)花(hua)(hua)(hua),四(si)(si)(si)級(ji)(ji)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)揮(hui)(hui)(hui)員(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)六角(jiao)(jiao)星(xing)(xing)花(hua)(hua)(hua);高級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)員(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)徽標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao),一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)長(chang)(chang)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)三(san)(san)粗(cu)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)細(xi)(xi)四(si)(si)(si)道(dao)(dao)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang),二(er)(er)(er)級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)長(chang)(chang)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)三(san)(san)道(dao)(dao)粗(cu)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang),三(san)(san)級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)長(chang)(chang)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)二(er)(er)(er)粗(cu)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)細(xi)(xi)三(san)(san)道(dao)(dao)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang);中(zhong)級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)員(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)徽標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao),一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)士銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)二(er)(er)(er)道(dao)(dao)粗(cu)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang),二(er)(er)(er)級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)士銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)粗(cu)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)細(xi)(xi)二(er)(er)(er)道(dao)(dao)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang);初級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)員(yuan)(yuan)銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)中(zhong),三(san)(san)級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)士銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)徽標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)和(he)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)粗(cu)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang),四(si)(si)(si)級(ji)(ji)消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)士銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)枚(mei)(mei)(mei)徽標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)和(he)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)細(xi)(xi)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang),預備消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)士銜(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)標(biao)(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)綴(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)(zhui)釘(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)(ding)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)道(dao)(dao)加粗(cu)橫(heng)(heng)杠(gang)(gang)。

問:消防救(jiu)援銜標志的管理上有(you)哪些要求?

答:《辦法》規定(ding),消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)隊伍人員晉(jin)升或降低消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)銜時(shi),由(you)批準機關更換(huan)其(qi)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)銜標(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi);取(qu)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)銜的(de),由(you)批準機關收回其(qi)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)銜標(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)。《辦法》明確,消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)人員的(de)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)銜標(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)由(you)國務院應急(ji)管理(li)部門負責制(zhi)(zhi)作和(he)管理(li),其(qi)他單位(wei)和(he)個人不(bu)得制(zhi)(zhi)作、仿造(zao)(zao)、偽造(zao)(zao)、變造(zao)(zao)和(he)買(mai)賣、使(shi)用消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)銜標(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi),也不(bu)得使(shi)用與消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)防(fang)救(jiu)援(yuan)銜標(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)相類(lei)似(si)的(de)標(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)。

問:《消(xiao)防(fang)救援(yuan)銜標志(zhi)式(shi)樣和佩帶(dai)辦法》頒布后,國家綜合性消(xiao)防(fang)救援(yuan)隊(dui)伍授(shou)銜、換裝(zhuang)工(gong)作有何計劃(hua)?

答:按照黨中央、國務院的部署要(yao)求,國家(jia)綜合性消(xiao)防救援隊伍組(zu)建工作,正在(zai)穩步(bu)有序推(tui)進之中。《辦法》公布施行后,原公安消(xiao)防部隊、武(wu)警(jing)森林部隊和警(jing)種學院集體轉制人(ren)員(yuan)的授銜(xian)、換(huan)裝等一系(xi)列(lie)工作將陸續(xu)展開(kai)。根據改革工作計劃,年底前要(yao)全部完成。

【責任編輯:cheng】